ARTICLES: Artiklar

667

The articles in English are ‘a, an, the’ which are further classified as definite article (the) and the indefinite articles (a & an).

One of the trickiest aspect of Swedish language is which indefinite article (a & an) to use with which word. In English, it is relatively clear as which article to use with which words (a man, a woman, an elephant, an egg – words with vowel sound take the indefinite article ‘an’).

But in Swedish, many words are en- words and few are ett- words. One has to learn whether it is an en- or ett-word. And the definite article in Swedish is reflected at the word ending depending upon whether it is an en- or ett-word (stugan, THE COTTAGE), huset, THE HOUSE; byggnaden, THE BUILDING, slotted, THE CASTLE).

Usage of articles in English & Swedish
Singular Plural
Obestämnd form

INDEFINITE

Bestämnd form

DEFINITE

Obestämnd form

INDEFINITE PLURAL

Bestämnd form

DEFINITE PLURAL

Enskola Skolan Skolor Skolorna
A SCHOOL THE SCHOOL SCHOOLS THE SCHOOLS
Ettäpple Äpplet Äpplen Äpplena
AN APPLE THE APPLE APPLES THE APPLES

 

INFLECTIONS OF ADJECTIVES: Böjningavadjektiv

It is imperative to learn which word is what: an en- or ett- word? Because the indefinite article (en&ett) in Swedish determines a particular adjective: adjectives in Swedish language inflect. Adjectives in Swedish are three forms unlike in English which is only one, and there is a specific adjective for en- and ett- words, and also for a plural word!

Böjningavadjektiv
Obestämd form INDEFINITE ARTICLE
En –ord Ett-ord Plural
Engrönstol Ettgröntstol Någragrönastolar
En hög mur Ett högt hus Några höga murar
En dyr klocka Ett dyrt hotell Några dyra hotell
En blå bil Ett blått skåp Några blåa blommor
Bestämd form DEFINITE ARTICLE
Den gröna stolen Det gröna bordet De gröna stolarna
Den höga muren Det högt huset De höga borden
Den dyra klockan Det dyra hotellet De dyra borden
Den blåa bilen Det blåa skåpet Den blåa blommorna

 

Are there articles in Swedish language like in English: A, An, The. Yes, there are: En, Ett, Den, Det, De.

Are there indefinite articles ( A& An) and definite article (The) in Swedish. Yes, but there is a great variation. In English, the usage of the indefinite articles ‘a’ and ‘an’ depends upon the word – whether the word starts with a vowel or consonant: A house. A man. A human. A humanoid. An animal. A human being. An angel. …