Åt: Verb (EATEN), Preposition (FOR, AT, ABOUT, TO)

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ATHENA Ethical MEDIA

Åt in Swedish has three functions: it is used as verb, preposition and as part of adverbial and verbal phrases. As a verb, åt means ‘ate’ – the past tense of eat. As a preposition, åt means ‘to, for, about, towards’.

 

One of the defining works of V.S. Naipaul’s five decades of writing is the novel ‘A House for Mr Biswas’. The book is translated to Swedish and its title is ‘Ett hus åt Mr Biswas’.  In the Swedish title of the book, you can notice the usage of ‘åt’.

Åt as the verb:

INIFINITIVE IMPERATIVE PRESENT TENSE PAST TENSE PAST PARTICIPLE
Infinitiv Imperativ Presens Pretreritum Supinum
To eat Eat Eat

Eats

Eating

Ate Eaten
Att äta Ät Äter Åt Ätit
    Äter
    Äter

 

Åt as the preposition:

Åt as the preposition corresponds to till, at, to about, towards’.

The preposition ‘åt’ states the subject of an activity such as in: get sitt stöd å ten sak (SUPPORT SOMETHING OR GIVE ONE’S SUPPORT TO SOMETHING’, gladja sig åt (BE HAPPY AT OR ABOUT).

Åt: TOWARDS, TO:

GO IN THE OTHER DIRECTION: gå åt andra hållet

STEP ASIDE: gå åt sidan

THE HOUSE IS TO THE NORTH OF Sweden: huset ligger åt norr om Sverige.

 

Åt also functions as the adverb, and corresponds to ‘at’:

GET AT, REACH, GET HOLD OF: komma åt

TAKE SOMETHING TO HEART, FEEL GUILTY: ta åt sig

BE TIGHT, BE A TIGHT FIT: sitta åt

 

ÅT as part of the phrasal verbs:

Bär sig åt: BEHAVE

Drar åt: TIGHTEN

Dra åt svångremmen: TIGHTEN ONE’S BELT

Går åt; BE NEEDED, BE CONSUMED

Kommer åt: GET AT, GET HOLD OF

Klämmer åt: PUNISH, CLAMP DOWN

Sitter åt: BE TOO TIGHT, BE TIGHT, A TIGHT FIT

Smiter åt: BE A TIGHT FIT, FIT TIGHT (INTO SOMETHING)

Tar åt sig: TAKE TO HEART

Ägnar sig åt: SPEND TIME WITH, DEVEOTE ONESELF TO