POSEIDEON: The Charming and Historical Landmark of Gothenburg

3446
ATHENA Ethical MEDIA

Gothenburg is a seaside city: lapped by the North Sea of the Atlantic Ocean. It is also a riparian city:  Göta Älv the river placidly passes through and peacefully empties into that ocean that fringes North America, South American, Africa and Europe.

 

For a habitation of a city founded in 1621, whose survival and sustenance depended on river water and sea water, it was obvious to venerate a god: a water god. In the Swedish myths, Norse rituals and Scandinavian paganism, there is neither a legend nor a god nor a goddess emphatically attributed to a natural element: water. Like many cultures and countries that asserted national sovereignty over the centuries, looked to Greek mythology (or religion?) and Greek literature, Gothenburg in Sweden was influenced by one Grecian legacy: Poseidon.

Seamen usually worshipped Poseidon for a successful voyage and for a safe passage to home. As a homage, the worshippers drowned a nickel or an animal — sacrificing something that was of value and utility. During the Battle of Issus (Issos), Alexander the Great stopped at the Syrian seashore and prayed to Poseidon; as a mark of tribute he also offered a chariot of four horses to this sea god.

Poseidon is a Greek god of sea. He was the seafarers God of Greece’s pre-Olympian Bronze Age. He was worshipped in Hellenic hinterlands, cities and colonies. He was also the earth-shaker or the creator of seismic shifts and tsunamis, and tamer of horses. Among the Olympian gods, Poseidon was prone to bad-temper, mood swings, lusty appetite and greed for dominance in his territory. He also had the virtue of genuine vengeance—when he was insulted he caused havoc by creating storms, shipwrecks, and floods, and all those troubles seafarers dreaded to experience. He also blessed his worshippers when they worshipped him: calmed the seas when the seamen ventured out into the seas, and created isles and islets for mortals to take refugee from stormy weather. His analogous figure in Roman or Latin mythology is Neptune, and Nethuns in Etruscan. Poseidon was worshipped as a fertility god, too, and he figured in Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey.

POSEIDON IN GOTHENBURG:

Almost a hundred years ago, the City of Gothenburg made preparations to celebrate its 300th anniversary in the twentieth century. After the delayed the tercentenary celebrations in 1921, the Gothenburg decided to have an artwork befitting its celebrations and an allusion to the city’s natural elements. The city administrators and its commissioners and the sculptor chose to have a figure of Poseidon: One of the 12 Olympian deities of Greek Mythology. Not only in Gothenburg, Poseidon in standing posture are also at the National Archaeological Museum in Athens, Presov in Slovakia, Bristol in England, Berlin in Germany, and Copenhagen in Denmark. Poseidon is also used as the name for a movie, video games and animated stories.

For Gothenburg’s tercentenary celebrations, Poseidon’s statue was inaugurated, at last, in September 1931. The name Poseidon and the statue grew in popularity since the statue of Poseidon rose in the empty square of the city called Götaplatsen. The statue of towering Poseidon was unveiled on the autumnal twilight of September 24, 1931 in front of 20,000 spectators.

In today’s Gothenburg a hotel, building company, diving-equipment company, restaurant, services, products, brewing company, and many more are named after Poseidon.

The bronze Poseidon of Gothenburg rises to a height of about 7 meters or 22 feet from the middle of the fountain. His countenance is subdued reflectively but virility amply manifests in his groin. It stands in the plaza of Götaplatsen looking down the city’s central street named Avenyn. In the place of a trident, Poseidon holds a big fish in his right hand, and in the left hand a seashell with his head towards the shell. On his head he has a stylized wreath. Around the rim of the fountain, one can see smaller figures (and depending the season, their spouts sprout water): fish, female dancers, couple, marvels, tritons, najads (yachcts), and mermaids. The rim of the fountain is divided into smaller compartments with reliefs of algae, lobsters, crab, fish, corals, shells and mussels.

The project leaders thought of calling the statues as Neptune for the Roman name of the god of the sea is Neptune but Poseidon stuck.

The moment Poseidon appeared in Gothenburg, the sculptor of the sculpture came under attack for offending residents’ sensibilities by sculpting an erect man in nude. The discerning women of art complained to the city authorities that the size of Poseidon’s phallus was disproportionate to his size, the bourgeoisie felt the original Poseidon was artistically too daring; and some thought the sculpture was ugly, too big and had wrong proportions. The reaction to the standing figure was so impactful that Carl Milles (1875-1955) the sculptor offered to make a newer version. His original intention was that Poseidon’s limbs should be long in order to elicit an interest rather than academic scrutiny from the audience but that was not the reaction.

The celebrated Swedish sculptor Carl Milles re-worked on it and tweaked the sculpture particularly Poseidon’s genitals: reduce the size. Milles re-designed, and positioned the fish that Poseidon holds in his hand. Since then there are many interpretations and many questions about the artist and art work: one version is that it looks like a large penis if the sculpture is viewed from the Concert Hall’s staircase (Milles revenge!). It is also a subject of speculation: who stood as a model for Poseidon – Professor Axel Romdahl or and Knut Ström or both?

On occasions, Poseidon had been decorated in different ways. He had, for example, been dressed up as a chalmerist by the students of the Chalmers University of Technology, in white lab coat. He was also dressed up to look like a Hulk, Joakim von Anka and in red flamenco skirt. In 1976, he was subjected to injury when someone painted red color. In 1981, someone placed an explosive charge around Poseidon in an attempt to destroy the sculpture. In 2010 and 2011, Poseidon went through restoration with the help of a special wax: rust, algae and moss.

According to one Gothenburger of German mother and Swedish father, if one sees Poseidon from entry staircase of the Concert Hall, he looks like he was masturbating. Another resident notes it as a spot for voyeurism. Whatever the speculations and observations regarding Poseidon, from its origins to current state, Poseidon is one of the striking landmarks of Gothenburg. It is also the meeting point, relaxing spot, backdrop for selfie-takers, venue for celebrations, starting point for a gathering of demonstration or protest or solidarity, and it serves as one of the top attractions for tourists in America and Azerbaijan to Chile and China.

xosotin chelseathông tin chuyển nhượngcâu lạc bộ bóng đá arsenalbóng đá atalantabundesligacầu thủ haalandUEFAevertonxosofutebol ao vivofutemaxmulticanaisonbetbóng đá world cupbóng đá inter milantin juventusbenzemala ligaclb leicester cityMUman citymessi lionelsalahnapolineymarpsgronaldoserie atottenhamvalenciaAS ROMALeverkusenac milanmbappenapolinewcastleaston villaliverpoolfa cupreal madridpremier leagueAjaxbao bong da247EPLbarcelonabournemouthaff cupasean footballbên lề sân cỏbáo bóng đá mớibóng đá cúp thế giớitin bóng đá ViệtUEFAbáo bóng đá việt namHuyền thoại bóng đágiải ngoại hạng anhSeagametap chi bong da the gioitin bong da lutrận đấu hôm nayviệt nam bóng đátin nong bong daBóng đá nữthể thao 7m24h bóng đábóng đá hôm naythe thao ngoai hang anhtin nhanh bóng đáphòng thay đồ bóng đábóng đá phủikèo nhà cái onbetbóng đá lu 2thông tin phòng thay đồthe thao vuaapp đánh lô đềdudoanxosoxổ số giải đặc biệthôm nay xổ sốkèo đẹp hôm nayketquaxosokq xskqxsmnsoi cầu ba miềnsoi cau thong kesxkt hôm naythế giới xổ sốxổ số 24hxo.soxoso3mienxo so ba mienxoso dac bietxosodientoanxổ số dự đoánvé số chiều xổxoso ket quaxosokienthietxoso kq hôm nayxoso ktxổ số megaxổ số mới nhất hôm nayxoso truc tiepxoso ViệtSX3MIENxs dự đoánxs mien bac hom nayxs miên namxsmientrungxsmn thu 7con số may mắn hôm nayKQXS 3 miền Bắc Trung Nam Nhanhdự đoán xổ số 3 miềndò vé sốdu doan xo so hom nayket qua xo xoket qua xo so.vntrúng thưởng xo sokq xoso trực tiếpket qua xskqxs 247số miền nams0x0 mienbacxosobamien hôm naysố đẹp hôm naysố đẹp trực tuyếnnuôi số đẹpxo so hom quaxoso ketquaxstruc tiep hom nayxổ số kiến thiết trực tiếpxổ số kq hôm nayso xo kq trực tuyenkết quả xổ số miền bắc trực tiếpxo so miền namxổ số miền nam trực tiếptrực tiếp xổ số hôm nayket wa xsKQ XOSOxoso onlinexo so truc tiep hom nayxsttso mien bac trong ngàyKQXS3Msố so mien bacdu doan xo so onlinedu doan cau loxổ số kenokqxs vnKQXOSOKQXS hôm naytrực tiếp kết quả xổ số ba miềncap lo dep nhat hom naysoi cầu chuẩn hôm nayso ket qua xo soXem kết quả xổ số nhanh nhấtSX3MIENXSMB chủ nhậtKQXSMNkết quả mở giải trực tuyếnGiờ vàng chốt số OnlineĐánh Đề Con Gìdò số miền namdò vé số hôm nayso mo so debach thủ lô đẹp nhất hôm naycầu đề hôm naykết quả xổ số kiến thiết toàn quốccau dep 88xsmb rong bach kimket qua xs 2023dự đoán xổ số hàng ngàyBạch thủ đề miền BắcSoi Cầu MB thần tàisoi cau vip 247soi cầu tốtsoi cầu miễn phísoi cau mb vipxsmb hom nayxs vietlottxsmn hôm naycầu lô đẹpthống kê lô kép xổ số miền Bắcquay thử xsmnxổ số thần tàiQuay thử XSMTxổ số chiều nayxo so mien nam hom nayweb đánh lô đề trực tuyến uy tínKQXS hôm nayxsmb ngày hôm nayXSMT chủ nhậtxổ số Power 6/55KQXS A trúng roycao thủ chốt sốbảng xổ số đặc biệtsoi cầu 247 vipsoi cầu wap 666Soi cầu miễn phí 888 VIPSoi Cau Chuan MBđộc thủ desố miền bắcthần tài cho sốKết quả xổ số thần tàiXem trực tiếp xổ sốXIN SỐ THẦN TÀI THỔ ĐỊACầu lô số đẹplô đẹp vip 24hsoi cầu miễn phí 888xổ số kiến thiết chiều nayXSMN thứ 7 hàng tuầnKết quả Xổ số Hồ Chí Minhnhà cái xổ số Việt NamXổ Số Đại PhátXổ số mới nhất Hôm Nayso xo mb hom nayxxmb88quay thu mbXo so Minh ChinhXS Minh Ngọc trực tiếp hôm nayXSMN 88XSTDxs than taixổ số UY TIN NHẤTxs vietlott 88SOI CẦU SIÊU CHUẨNSoiCauVietlô đẹp hôm nay vipket qua so xo hom naykqxsmb 30 ngàydự đoán xổ số 3 miềnSoi cầu 3 càng chuẩn xácbạch thủ lônuoi lo chuanbắt lô chuẩn theo ngàykq xo-solô 3 càngnuôi lô đề siêu vipcầu Lô Xiên XSMBđề về bao nhiêuSoi cầu x3xổ số kiến thiết ngày hôm nayquay thử xsmttruc tiep kết quả sxmntrực tiếp miền bắckết quả xổ số chấm vnbảng xs đặc biệt năm 2023soi cau xsmbxổ số hà nội hôm naysxmtxsmt hôm nayxs truc tiep mbketqua xo so onlinekqxs onlinexo số hôm nayXS3MTin xs hôm nayxsmn thu2XSMN hom nayxổ số miền bắc trực tiếp hôm naySO XOxsmbsxmn hôm nay188betlink188 xo sosoi cầu vip 88lô tô việtsoi lô việtXS247xs ba miềnchốt lô đẹp nhất hôm naychốt số xsmbCHƠI LÔ TÔsoi cau mn hom naychốt lô chuẩndu doan sxmtdự đoán xổ số onlinerồng bạch kim chốt 3 càng miễn phí hôm naythống kê lô gan miền bắcdàn đề lôCầu Kèo Đặc Biệtchốt cầu may mắnkết quả xổ số miền bắc hômSoi cầu vàng 777thẻ bài onlinedu doan mn 888soi cầu miền nam vipsoi cầu mt vipdàn de hôm nay7 cao thủ chốt sốsoi cau mien phi 7777 cao thủ chốt số nức tiếng3 càng miền bắcrồng bạch kim 777dàn de bất bạion newsddxsmn188betw88w88789bettf88sin88suvipsunwintf88five8812betsv88vn88Top 10 nhà cái uy tínsky88iwinlucky88nhacaisin88oxbetm88vn88w88789betiwinf8betrio66rio66lucky88oxbetvn88188bet789betMay-88five88one88sin88bk88xbetoxbetMU88188BETSV88RIO66ONBET88188betM88M88SV88Jun-68Jun-88one88iwinv9betw388OXBETw388w388onbetonbetonbetonbet88onbet88onbet88onbet88onbetonbetonbetonbetqh88mu88Nhà cái uy tínpog79vp777vp777vipbetvipbetuk88uk88typhu88typhu88tk88tk88sm66sm66me88me888live8live8livesm66me88win798livesm66me88win79pog79pog79vp777vp777uk88uk88tk88tk88luck8luck8kingbet86kingbet86k188k188hr99hr99123b8xbetvnvipbetsv66zbettaisunwin-vntyphu88vn138vwinvwinvi68ee881xbetrio66zbetvn138i9betvipfi88clubcf68onbet88ee88typhu88onbetonbetkhuyenmai12bet-moblie12betmoblietaimienphi247vi68clupcf68clupvipbeti9betqh88onb123onbefsoi cầunổ hũbắn cáđá gàđá gàgame bàicasinosoi cầuxóc đĩagame bàigiải mã giấc mơbầu cuaslot gamecasinonổ hủdàn đềBắn cácasinodàn đềnổ hũtài xỉuslot gamecasinobắn cáđá gàgame bàithể thaogame bàisoi cầukqsssoi cầucờ tướngbắn cágame bàixóc đĩaAG百家乐AG百家乐AG真人AG真人爱游戏华体会华体会im体育kok体育开云体育开云体育开云体育乐鱼体育乐鱼体育欧宝体育ob体育亚博体育亚博体育亚博体育亚博体育亚博体育亚博体育开云体育开云体育棋牌棋牌沙巴体育买球平台新葡京娱乐开云体育mu88qh88