Which, That, Witch
“Your time is limited, so don’t waste it living someone else’s life. Don’t be trapped by dogma – which is living with the results of other people’s thinking. Don’t let the noise of others’ opinions drown out your own inner voice. And most important, have the courage to follow your heart and intuition.” –Steve Jobs
That is often used as an informative equivalent of both who and which, and used in speech in place of either.
Which is a questioning word, also functions as an interrogative determiner (which is better?), interrogative pronoun (which is your favourite place?).
-“Which is your favourite holiday destination?”
Which one? That one!
The plural of that is those.
As a pronoun, that (those) identifies a specific person or specific thing that is referred or observed.
Who is that? That is her dog.
Whose clothes? Those clothes are yours, not mine.
That thing…I detest it: that here refers to something that has been observed/spoken about.
From the bag you can choose this one (apple) or that one (mango): which one?
This world is rocked by terrorist attacks: that world?
That also refers to a specific thing when singling out: It is in the nature of human beings to be kind to others that aspect is amazing: which is why we should promote love.
The year that India attained independence….
In the place of using which, or who, or whom – that introduces a defining clause.
The company that owns this river is causing pollution in the area.
The person that is responsible for the creation of the app is working on another one.
That is used to refer to a previously mentioned/talked about/observed aspect: we lived there at that time (that time – when we had abundant rain or heat).
That also functions as an adverb: that means to such a degree, to such an extent, to indicate size: the family shall (shall not) go that far to save the child.
That functions as a conjunction.
India said that it will take steps to curtail climate change.
She said that…
He said that…
The police said that…
The government says that…
Which and that are used in defining clauses to refer to things: They lived at the apartment that/which was demolished.
That is used for defining clauses: The movie that we saw we should watch that (relative pronoun) again.
Which is used for commenting clauses, followed by a comma: This is the country, which is adopted by Ruskin Bond, is becoming intolerant: policing the people what to eat and what not to eat.
Witch refers to an ungly or unpleasant person, witch is a woman considered to have magical powers to fight against the evil ones.
Which witch you know? That one in Cuba whose reputation is established?