PARTS OF SPEECH: Ordklasser

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All the words are classified into a group called parts of speech or word class or classification of words. In Swedish, there are 9 parts of speech.

Because a word can function as more than one parts of speech or a classification of words, it is important to know what its functions is: som and om in Swedish have multiple functions and multiple meanings. And, words are the buildings blocks of a sentence that has to make a sense: convey a meaning.

Varjeordtillhörenordklass. Det finns nio ordklasser:

  1. Substantiv = NOUN
  2. Räkneord = NUMERAL
  3. Pronomen = PRONOUN
  4. Adjektiv = ADJECTIVE
  5. Konjunktioner = CONJUNCTIONS
  6. Prepositioner = PREPOSITIONS
  7. Verb = VERB
  8. Adverb = ADVERB
  9. Interjektioner = INTERJECTIONS

 

1.       Substantiv
Ett substantiv Substantivet Substantiv Substantiven
A NOUN THE NOUN NOUNS THE NOUNS
Blomma, torg, Lena
2.       Räkneord
Ett Räkneord räkneordet Räkneord Räkneorden
A NUMERAL THE NUMERAL NUMERALS THE NUMERALS
En / ett, två, första, andra
3.       Pronomen
Ett pronomen Pronomenet Pronomen eller pronomina Pronomenen
Jag, han, hon, hen (S/HE), min, hans, hennes, någon, ingen, som
4.       Adjektiv
Ett adjektiv Adjektivet Adjektiv Adjektiven
Röd, fin, vit, stor, liten, finare, finast
5.       Konjunktioner
En konjunktion Konjunktionen Konjunktioner Konjunktionerna
Och, eller, men, eftersom, fastän, som, om
6.       Prepositioner
En preposition Prepositionen Prepositioner Prepositionerna
På, i, till, bakom, framför
7.       Verb
Ett verb Verbet Verb Verben
A VERB THE VERB VERBS THE VERBS
Köpa, studera, bo
8.       Adverb
Ett adverb Adverbet Adverb Adverben
AN ADVERB THE ADVERB ADVERBS THE ADVERBS
Idag, på torget, inte, kanske, om
9.       Interjektioner
En interjektion Interjektionen Interjektioner Interjektionerna
Oj! Aj! Usch!, Fy! Hej! Skål