Helping verbs in English language are: be, am, is, are, was, were, been, has, have, had, do, did, does; shall, should, will, would, may, might, must, can and could. Helping verbs or auxiliary verbs are used along with the main verb to describe the past or present or future.
Note the conjugation or the forms of the three main helping verbs ‘be, do, have’: TO BE: to be, am, is, are, was, were, and been; TO HAVE: have, has, and had; TO DO: do, does, did. These three verbs (to be, to do, to have) can function as the main verb or as helping verbs in a sentence.
Modal auxiliary verbs or modal helping verbs are the verbs that do not change their form, and they are: will, would, shall, should, can, could; may, might; must, and ought to.
The helping verbs help the main verb in describing an action or a state in a ‘particular aspect of time’ that is the action or the inaction of the present, past or future.
In Swedish language, the helping verbs are:
- Har / hade = has / have / had
- Vill / ville = to want to / will
- Behöver / behövde = to need to
- Ska / skulle = shall / should
- Kan / kunde = can / could, be able to
- Får / fick = to be allowed to, expresses permission or allowance (has many meanings)
- Brukar / brukade = usually / used to
- Måste = have to / must
- Bör/ borde = ought to
- Börjar /började = start, commence
The helping verbs and their multiple forms or conjugations based on particular aspect of time:
|INFINITIVE||IMPERATIVE||PRESENT||PAST TENSE||PAST PARTICIPLE|
|OUGHT TO||Att böra||. . .||Bör||Borde||Bort|
|HAVE||Att ha / Hava||Ha||Har||Hade||Haft|
|CAN||Att kunna||. . .||Kan||Kunde||Kunnat|
|WILL, SHALL||Att skola||. . .||Ska (skall)||Skulle||Skolat|
|WILL, WANT||Att vilja||. . .||Vill||Ville||Velat|
|MUST||Måste||. . .||Måste||Måste||Måst|
|USED TO||Att bruka||Bruka||Brukar||Brukarde||Brukart|